Conducting research with prisoners requires special consideration and additional safeguards. Please see the IU HRPP Policy on Prisoners in Research for specific requirements. Additional guidance on some topics is provided below.
A prisoner is defined by HHS regulations at 45 CFR part 46.303(c) as “any individual involuntarily confined or detained in a penal institution.” The term is intended to encompass individuals sentenced to such an institution under a criminal or civil statute, individuals detained in other facilities by virtue of statutes or commitment procedures which provide alternatives to criminal prosecution or incarceration in a penal institution, and individuals detained pending arraignment, trial, or sentencing. Examples of individuals considered prisoners are available in the OHRP Prisoner Research FAQs.