HRPP Policy - Children in Research

About This Policy

Effective date:
Last updated:
Policy Contact:

IU Human Subjects Office
(317) 274-8289

IU HRPP Policies

Related Policy Documents

View Informed Consent Policy

View IRB Review Process Policy

IU HRPP Guidance

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View HRPP Guidance

IU HRPP Documents

Related IRB Questionnaires

  • Questionnaire G1 - Children
  • Questionnaire J - Child Assent & Parental Consent Process

View KC Crosswalk

Related Forms and Templates

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7.0 - Definitions

assent An individual's affirmative agreement to participate in research obtained in conjunction with permission of the individual's parents, guardian, or legally authorized representative. Mere failure to object should not, absent affirmative agreement, be construed as assent.

biospecimen A quantity of tissue, blood, urine, or other human-derived material. A single biopsy may generate several biospecimens, including multiple paraffin blocks or frozen biological material. The molecular makeup of such specimens reflects the physiologic or pathologic condition of the person from whom they derive; therefore, they provide sensitive and specific insight into the biologic state of the donor. Examples of biospecimens include: subcellular structures (e.g., DNA), cells, tissue (e.g., bone, muscle, connective tissue, and skin), organs (e.g., liver, bladder, heart, and kidney), blood, buccal swabs, gametes, embryos, fetal tissue, saliva or other body fluids, and waste (e.g., urine and stool). Portions or aliquots of a biospecimen are referred to as samples.

de-identified Information that is rendered not individually identifiable by either the Expert Determination method or Safe Harbor Method described in the IU HRPP Policy on Use of PHI in Research, section 2.3.

emancipated minor A legal status conferred by court order upon persons who have not yet attained the age of legal competency but who are entitled to treatment as legal adults. For additional information, please see Indiana Code 31-34-20-6.

federally-funded Supported, either directly or indirectly, by funds provided by the federal government. This includes federal pass-through funding (i.e., received as a subrecipient through subcontracts). Use of administrative services funded by a federal grant, alone, is not sufficient to consider research federally-funded.

generalizable knowledge Information that expands the knowledge base of a scientific discipline or other scholarly field of study.

identifiable biospecimen Biospecimen for which the identity of the subject is or may readily be ascertained by the research personnel or associated with the biospecimen.

identifiable private information Private information for which the identity of the subject is or may readily be ascertained by the research personnel or associated with the information.

in loco parentis The legal doctrine under which someone acts in the place of a parent.

informed consent An ongoing process by which a subject (or, his or her legal representative) voluntarily confirms his or her willingness to participate in a particular research project in accordance with the IU HRPP Policy on Informed Consent.

interaction Includes communication or interpersonal contact between research personnel and the subject.

intervention Includes both physical procedures by which information or biospecimens are gathered (e.g., venipuncture) and manipulations of the subject or the subject's environment that are performed for research purposes.

minimal risk The probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests.

neonate A newborn child less than four weeks old. A Bold-nonviable neonate-Bold is an expelled or delivered fetus who, although living, cannot sustain life independently, even with medical intervention.

parent A child's biological or adoptive parent.

private information Includes information about behavior that occurs in a context in which an individual can reasonably expect that no observation or recording is taking place, and information that has been provided for specific purposes by an individual and that the individual can reasonably expect will not be made public (e.g., medical records).

research A systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge (Synonymous with clinical investigation For research subject to FDA regulations, any experiment that involves a test article and one or more human subjects, and that either must meet the requirements for prior submission to the FDA under §505(i), §507(d), or §520(g) of the Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act, or need not meet the requirements for prior submission to the FDA under these sections of the act, but the results of which are intended to be later submitted to, or held for inspection by, the FDA as part of an application for a research or marketing permit. The term does not include experiments that must meet the provisions of part 58 regarding nonclinical laboratory studies (21 CFR 50.3(c)).) The following activities are deemed not to be research under this definition: Scholarly and journalistic activities (e.g., oral history, journalism, biography, literary criticism, legal research, and historical scholarship), including the collection and use of information that focus directly on the individuals about whom the information is collected; Public health surveillance activities, including the collection and testing of information or biospecimens, conducted, supported, requested, ordered, required, or authorized by a public health authority. Such activities are limited to those necessary to allow a public health authority to identify, monitor, assess, or investigate potential public health signals, onsets of disease outbreaks, or conditions of public health importance (including trends, signals, risk factors, patterns in diseases, or increases in injuries from using consumer products). Such activities include those associated with providing timely situational awareness and priority setting during the course of an event or crisis that threatens public health (including natural or man-made disasters); Collection and analysis of information, biospecimens, or records by or for a criminal justice agency for the activities authorized by law or court order solely for criminal justice or criminal investigative purposes; Authorized operational activities (as determined by each agency) in support of intelligence, homeland security, defense, or other national security missions.

research personnel (See also investigator, IU-affiliated research personnel, non-key personnel, non-affiliated research personnel, principal investigator (PI), Student, Fellow, Resident PI, site-specific PI)Individuals engaged in human subjects research; specifically, individuals who interact or intervene with human subjects or access identifiable information for research purposes. May also be called investigators.

ward A child who is placed in the legal custody of the State or other agency, institution, or entity, consistent with applicable federal, state, or local law.

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