Fred H. Cate is Vice President for Research, Distinguished Professor, and C. Ben Dutton Professor of Law at Indiana University. He served as the founding director of IU’s Center for Applied Cybersecurity Research from 2003 to 2014, where he is now a senior fellow. Professor Cate specializes in information security and privacy law and has testified before numerous congressional committees and served on advisory groups for DHS, DOD, NSA, FTC, OECD, the National Academy of Sciences, the United Nations, Microsoft, Intel, and many other organizations. He chaired the National Academy study on Law Enforcement and Intelligence Access to Encrypted Content. He is a senior policy advisor to the Centre for Information Policy Leadership and one of the founding editors of the Oxford University Press journal, International Data Privacy Law. He is the author of more than 200 articles and books, including most recently Bulk Collection: Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data (with Jim Dempsey). Professor Cate attended Oxford University and received his J.D. and his A.B. with Honors and Distinction from Stanford University. A former Senator and President of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, he is a fellow of Phi Beta Kappa and the American Bar Foundation, and an elected member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Law Institute.